How to Choose Epilepsy Treatment Drugs
Epilepsy is one of the chronic neurological disorder where the individual suffers from seizures. The recurrent seizures causes by epilepsy has been in a lot of individuals across the globe. AIDS, stroke, meningitis and traumatic brain injury are believed to be the main causes of epilepsy. The chances of getting epilepsy increases when if the family members has the condition. There are studies which have shown that are some triggers that may cause epilepsy. Some of the triggers may include alcohol, caffeine, lack of sleep, stress and illness. Individuals with epilepsy usually have different triggers which may involve a combination of various things. Managing the condition requires that the doctor should identify the type of seizures an individual experiences. There are mainly two type of seizures which include the generalized seizures and focal seizures. In generalized seizures an epilepsy patient will experience jerking movement of legs and arms and loss of bowel movement it bladder while focal seizures will cause the twitching of limbs, loss if the five senses and dizziness.
The anti-epilepsy drugs are developed based on the seizures the person portrays. The drugs are categorized into two with each having it’s won side effects. The broad spectrum anti-epilepsy medication drugs treats the various types of seizures and the person can experience fatigue, insomnia and dizziness as side effects of the drugs. The narrow spectrum anti-epilepsy medication is mainly used to manage specific seizures that the person has and the side effects differ depending on which formulation has been administered to the epileptic person. The narrow spectrum anti-epilepsy medication is administered as a solution, oral table or IV injection. The person with epilepsy mostly ha recurrent seizures and these drugs ensure that the seizures have stopped or fewer. The triggers that a person has identified are mostly used to show the effectiveness of the drugs. The condition needs to be managed since there are various risk factors.
There are other ways in which epilepsy can be managed when the drugs are not effective on the recurrent seizures. These options may include the vagus nerve stimulation and brain surgery. Vagus nerve stimulation involves sending electric impulses to the brain using a stimulator device that is placed under the epileptic patient skin. In brain surgery the part that causes seizures is removed but the process is final when it came me to treating epilepsy. Those patients with epilepsy and have taken drugs yet the condition stagnates can take the ketogenic diet since most people have benefited from it.
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